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顶级娱乐开户优惠 :Planet Plastic 地球快要变成“塑料星球”

2017-11-30 来源:申博太阳手机登陆BBC中国网

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申博太阳手机登陆,中方坚决反对达赖以任何身份和名义到任何国家窜访。现场监控显示,当日18时31分48秒,一穿黑白上衣、深蓝色牛仔裤的男子走进当地一家名为六六福的珠宝店,其头戴黑色头盔,腰背棕色挎包。新韩银行和友利银行也计划在明年初开展退休计划。总统亲自参加了结婚仪式,使得婚礼非常隆重,但富兰克林发现,大多数人都是因总统而来,由此激发了他从政的决心。

  不可否认,在现实生活中,景区有运营的难处,管理部门有监管的盲点。在实际工作中,该行充分履行国有大型商业银行职责,把党的十八届六中全会精神落到实处,积极支持地方经济建设和实体经济发展、认真落实供给制改革和去产能政策,大力开展普惠金融和精准扶贫。相关视频扩展阅读德拉吉抗通胀立场强硬欧洲央行加息风声:德拉吉接手欧银权杖抗通胀将成为主基调:德国力挺德拉吉欧央行有望加息:意银行增资或令收益率承压只为德拉吉助选:“超级马里奥”在意每个细节:应外交部长王毅邀请,匈牙利外交与对外经济部部长西雅尔多将于11月30日来华举行两国外长年度磋商及双边“一带一路”工作组首次会议。

不过专家表示,这东西是不属于个人,这是在地里挖出来的,属于无主的东西,应该上交给相关的文物部门管理。至少我就做不到。成功主办多届两岸互联网发展论坛、“镜观两岸”两岸摄影大赛、两岸关系十大新闻评选等活动。国际信用评级公司惠誉日前上调对中国经济增速的预期。

  气候变化仅仅是地球遇到的挑战之一,我们所居住的星球还面临着堆积如山的垃圾和废弃物,尤其是白色垃圾。一项研究说,自1950年至今,人类已生产出83亿吨塑料制品,并尚未找到有效处理和回收塑料制品的方法。我们能做些什么呢?

  课文内容

  Vocabulary:Environment词汇:环境

  Here’s a staggering statistic.Scientists have calculated the total amount of plastic ever made:8.3 billion tonnes.Looked at another way,that’s as heavy as 25,000 Empire State Buildings or one billion elephants.And incredibly,almost all of it has been made in the last 65 years.

  So what’s the problem?Much plastic is in the form of packaging which is used just once and then thrown away.According to a major new study from the University of California,9%of this is recyled,12%is incinerated and 79%goes to landfill.And because most plastic doesn’t biodegrade,once it’s in the ground,it stays there.

  It’s a situation that has led the paper’s lead author,ecologist Dr Roland Geyer,to say that we are“rapidly heading towards‘Planet Plastic'”.He believes that there’s already enough waste out there to cover the whole of Argentina.

  The team behind this report also estimate that eight million tonnes of plastic waste are escaping into the sea every year.This has generated concern that plastic is entering the food chain,though fish and other sea life which ingest the smaller fragments.

  Of course,the reason why there’s so much plastic around is that it’s an amazingly useful material.We can’t get enough of it.It’s durable and adaptable,and is used for everything from yoghurt pots to spaceships.But it’s precisely this quality which makes it a problem.The only way to destroy plastic is to heat or burn it–although this has the side effect of harmful emissions.

  So what’s the alternative,other than using less plastic?Oceanographer Dr Erik van Sebille from Utrecht University says we’re facing a“tsunami”of plastic waste,and that the global waste industry needs to“get its act together”.

  Professor Richard Thompson,a marine biologist from Plymouth University,says it’s poor design that’s at fault.He says that if products are currently designed“with recyclability in mind”,they could be recyled around 20 times over.

  Dr Geyer agrees:“The holy grail of recycling is to keep material in use and in the loop for ever if you can.But it turns out in our study that actually 90%of that material that did get recycled-which I think we calculated was 600 million tonnes-only got recycled once.”

  词汇表

  staggering令人震惊的

  packaging包装材料

  incinerate被焚毁的

  landfill垃圾填埋场

  biodegrade生物降解

  ecologist生态学家

  food chain食物链

  ingest咽下(食物)

  fragment碎片,碎块

  durable耐用的

  adaptable适应性强的

  emission排放物

  oceanographer海洋学家

  tsunami海啸

  get your act together合理安排,有条理地筹划

  marine biologist海洋生物学家

  at fault有责任,有过错

  recyclability可再利用性

  loop循环

  turn out结果是(尤指出乎意料的结果)

  测验与练习

  1.阅读课文并回答问题。

  1.Where does the greatest proportion of plastic waste go?

  2.How might plastic enter the food we eat?

  3.What do Professor Thompson and Dr Geyer agree about?

  4.Which word means‘ability to be recycled’?

  5.True or false:The fact that plastic is durable is good for the environment.

  2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

  1.Marine biology and _______ are related subjects.

  ecologist marines oceanographer oceanography

  2.As _______,I study the relationships between all living things and their environment.

  an ecologist a chemist an oceanographer a psychologist

  3.You need to get _______ together.You can’t keep on handing in your homework late.

  the act my act this act your act

  4.Because it doesn’t _______,plastic waste is very harmful to the environment.

  emit ingest biodegrade incinerate

  5.Finding a new form of _______ energy is the holy grail for many environmentalists.

  clean and renewable fossil fuel cheap modern and impressive

  答案

  1.阅读课文并回答问题。

  1.Where does the greatest proportion of plastic waste go?

  An estimated 79%of plastic waste ends up in landfill.

  2.How might plastic enter the food we eat?

  It’s thought that small fragments of plastic are ingested by fish and other sea life,and from there it enters the food chain.

  3.What do Professor Thompson and Dr Geyer agree about?

  They agree that products need to be recycled many times over,not just once.

  4.Which word means‘ability to be recycled’?

  Recyclability.

  5.True or false:The fact that plastic is durable is good for the environment.

  False.Plastic being durable is bad for the environment,because it needs to be disposed of in other ways.

  2.请你在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

  1.Marine biology and oceanography are related subjects.

  2.As ecologist,I study the relationships between all living things and their environment.

  3.You need to get your act together.You can’t keep on handing in your homework late.

  4.Because it doesn’t biodegrade,plastic waste is very harmful to the environment.

  5.Finding a new form of clean and renewable energy is the holy grail for many environmentalists.

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